Computer and Information Technology Jobs: An Overview
Computer career opportunities are growing faster than average in the overall economy. People who have the necessary it skills and knowledge come in demand and have a significant number of choices. The scope of the careers in computer information systems field is extensive. Occupations can be grouped in the next general categories:
1. Computer and information research scientists invent and design new technology and find new uses for existing technology. They study and solve complex problems in computing for business, science, medicine, and other areas.
Individuals who work in research and development require educational levels which are higher than others (normally advanced degrees). These jobs are fewer in number than other areas and reside on the cutting edge of the technology.
2. Computer programmers write code to create software programs. They turn the program designs created by software developers and engineers into instructions a computer can follow.
Programmers create and keep maintaining the instructions that cause computers to accomplish worthwhile work.
3. Computer support specialists provide insight to people and organizations using software applications or equipment. Some are called tech support team specialists, support information technology (IT) employees within their organization. Others, called help-desk technicians, assist non-IT users who are having computer problems.
The support specialists are the people who users call if they get into trouble or experience difficulty in dealing with information systems face to face site.
4. Computer systems analysts study an organization’s current personal computers and procedures and then makes recommendations to management to help the organization operate better and effectively. They bring business and it (IT) together by understanding the needs and limitations of both.
Analysts and designers determine system requirements and design specifications for systems that meeting the requirements of the system. Analysts and designers are familiar with how the availability of information drives organizational decision-making.
5. Database administrators use software to store and organize data, such as for example financial information and customer shipping records. They ensure that data are available to users and so are secure from unauthorized access.
Database specialists analyze, design and implement databases that track organizational records. Information retrieved from databases, typically, are presented to users in a written report format.
6. Information security analysts ensure a firm’s information stays safe from cyber attacks and provide for information assurance. The info security specialist implements organizational wide security policy and best practices. Security analysts work closely with network administrators to provide for the confidentiality, integrity and availability of networks.
7. Web developers create websites to greatly help firms have a public face and develop internal sites that are known as intranets. Many web developers are responsible for maintaining online websites that sell to customers.
8. Computer network architects and administrators create the network infrastructure that workers within organizations use. Network architects and administrators have the effect of the day-to-day operation of an organization’s computer networks. They organize, install, and support an organization’s personal computers, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), network segments, intranets, and other data communication systems.